Archive for the 'James Clerk Maxwell' Category


Vernacular Bibles: many versions also redacted aplenty

Christ said:

Woe unto you lawyers, for ye have taken away the key of knowledge.
Ye yourselves entered not in, and them that were entering in, ye hindered.

-Testimony of Luke 11:52, in the 1611 English Bible.

All this have they done, that they might pervert the right ways of the Lord,
that they might blind the eyes and harden the hearts of the children of men.

Wherefore thou seest that after the book hath gone forth
through the hands of the great and abominable church,
that there are many plain and precious things taken away
from the book which is the book of the Lamb of God.
And after these plain and precious things were taken away,
it goeth forth unto all the nations of the Gentiles, and
after it goeth forth unto all the nations of the Gentiles, yea even across the many waters
which thou hast seen, with the Gentiles which have gone forth out of captivity, and thou seest,
because of the many plain and precious things which have been taken out of the book,
which were plain unto the understanding of the children of men
according to the plainness which is in the Lamb of God,
because of these things which are taken away out of the gospel of the Lamb,
an exceedingly great many do stumble,
yea insomuch that Satan hath great power over them.

-The first book of Nephi 13:27-29, The Book of Mormon.

These last records shall establish the truth of the first, which is of the twelve apostles of the Lamb, and shall make known the plain and precious things which have been taken away from the first.

-1 Nephi 13:40.

I will bring forth unto them, in mine own power, much of my gospel, which shall be plain and precious, saith the Lamb. (…) in them shall be written my gospel, saith the Lamb, and my rock and my salvation.

-1 Nephi 13:34,36.

I beheld that the rod of iron which my father had seen, was the word of God which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life, which waters are a representation of the love of God, and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God.

-The first book of Nephi 11:25

“Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:” Genesis 25:15.

“Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.” 1 Chronicles 1:31.

“And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.” 1 Chronicles 5:19.

Both the transliterated spellings “Naphish” and “Nephish“, in the 1611 English Bible, are linked to Strong’s #5305, a proper name of the masculine noun type in the Hebrew tongue, that is defined: “refreshment”, the root word thereof being of Strong’s #5314, “naphash“, a verb: “to take breath”, “to refresh oneself” (to revive, to restore strength and animation).

And “nephesh“, as transliterated from the Hebrew tongue, in the English vernacular means “soul” and is linked to Strong’s #5315 (feminine noun), which Hebrew word, like the foregoing #5305, is also derived from Strong’s #5314, “naphash“.

And the English word “soul” signifies spirit, even a spiritual body, which inhabits either a tabernacle of flesh and blood, or a resurrected tabernacle, or a translated body of flesh and blood.

Paulus wrote:

By faith Enoch was translated, that he should not see death and was not found, because God had translated him. For before his translation, he had this testimony, that he pleased God.

-Hebrews 11:5

And the light which shineth, which giveth you light, is through him who enlighteneth your eyes, which is the same light that quickeneth your understandings, which light proceedeth forth from the presence of God to fill the immensity of space, the light which is in all things, which giveth life to all things, which is the law by which all things are governed, even the power of God who sitteth upon his throne, who is in the bosom of eternity, who is in the midst of all things. Now, verily I say unto you that through the redemption which is made for you is brought to pass the resurrection from the dead, and the spirit and the body are the soul of man, and the resurrection from the dead is the redemption of the soul, and the redemption of the soul is through him that quickeneth all things, in whose bosom it is decreed that the poor and the meek of the earth shall inherit it. Therefore it must needs be sanctified from all unrighteousness, that it may be prepared for the celestial glory, for after it hath filled the measure of its creation, it shall be crowned with glory, even with the presence of God the Father, that bodies who are of the celestial kingdom may possess it forever and ever; for this intent was it made and created, and for this intent are they sanctified. And they who are not sanctified through the law which I have given unto you, even the law of Christ, must inherit another kingdom, even that of a terrestrial kingdom, or that of a telestial kingdom, for he who is not able to abide the law of a celestial kingdom cannot abide a celestial glory, and he who cannot abide the law of a terrestrial kingdom cannot abide a terrestrial glory, and he who cannot abide the law of a telestial kingdom cannot abide a telestial glory; therefore he is not meet for a kingdom of glory. Therefore he must abide a kingdom which is not a kingdom of glory. And again, verily I say unto you, the earth abideth the law of a celestial kingdom, for it filleth the measure of its creation, and transgresseth not the law; wherefore, it shall be sanctified, yea notwithstanding it shall die, it shall be quickened again and shall abide the power by which it is quickened, and the righteous shall inherit it, for notwithstanding they die, they also shall rise again, a spiritual body. They who are of a celestial spirit shall receive the same body which was a natural body; even ye shall receive your bodies, and your glory shall be that glory by which your bodies are quickened. Ye who are quickened by a portion of the celestial glory shall then receive of the same, even a fullness. And they who are quickened by a portion of the terrestrial glory shall then receive of the same, even a fullness. And also they who are quickened by a portion of the telestial glory shall then receive of the same, even a fullness. And they who remain shall also be quickened; nevertheless, they shall return again to their own place, to enjoy that which they are willing to receive, because they were not willing to enjoy that which they might have received. For what doth it profit a man if a gift is bestowed upon him, and he receive not the gift? Behold, he rejoices not in that which is given unto him, neither rejoices in him who is the giver of the gift. And again, verily I say unto you, that which is governed by law is also preserved by law and perfected and sanctified by the same. That which breaketh a law and abideth not by law, but seeketh to become a law unto itself and willeth to abide in sin and altogether abideth in sin, cannot be sanctified by law, neither by mercy, justice nor judgment. Therefore, they must remain filthy still.

-Utah edition of the Book of Covenants 88:11-35 (December 1832 – January 1833)

Deuteronomy 8:3
And he humbled thee and suffered thee to hunger and fed thee with manna which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know, that he might make thee know that man doeth not live by bread only but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of LORD, doeth man live.

1 Nephi 15:23-25
And they said unto me:
What meaneth the rod of iron which our father saw, that led to the tree?

And I said unto them that it was the word of God, and whoso would hearken unto the word of God and would hold fast unto it, they would never perish. Neither could the temptations and the fiery darts of the adversary overpower them unto blindness to lead them away to destruction. Wherefore I, Nephi, did exhort them to give heed unto the word of the Lord. Yea, I did exhort them with all the energies of my soul and with all the faculty which I possessed, that they would give heed to the word of God and remember to keep his commandments always in all things.

Yesu Christos did rebuff the adversary:

It is written,
Man shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

-Matthew 4:4

Jesus answered him, saying:
It is written that man shall not live by bread alone but by every word of God.

-Luke 4:4

John 6:47-51
Verily, verily I say unto you:

He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life.
Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness and are dead.
This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof and not die.
I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever, and
the bread that I will give is
my flesh which I will give for the life of the world.

Leviticus 17:11
For, the life of the flesh in the blood,
and I have given it to you upon the altar
to make an atonement for your souls,
for it, the blood, maketh an atonement for the soul.

Mosiah 16:14-15
Therefore if ye teach the law of Moses, also teach that it is a shadow of those things which are to come. Teach them that redemption cometh through Christ the Lord, who is the very Eternal Father. Amen.

“Melchizedek, king of Salem, brought forth bread and wine,
and he, the priest of the Most High God.” Genesis 14:18.

Mosiah 3:8-23
Jesus Christ the Son of God the Father of heaven and earth the Creator of all things from the beginning. And his mother shall be called Mary. And lo, he cometh unto his own, that salvation might come unto the children of men even through faith on his name. And even after all this, they shall consider him a man and say that he hath a devil and shall scourge him and shall crucify him. And he shall rise the third day from the dead, and behold, he standeth to judge the world. And behold, all these things are done, that a righteous judgment might come upon the children of men, for behold, and also his blood atoneth for the sins of those who have fallen by the transgression of Adam, who have died not knowing the will of God concerning them, or who have ignorantly sinned. But wo, wo unto him who knoweth that he rebelleth against God! For salvation cometh to none such, except it be through repentance and faith on the Lord Jesus Christ. And the Lord God hath sent his holy prophets, among all the children of men, to declare these things to every kindred, nation and tongue, that thereby whosoever should believe that Christ should come, the same might receive remission of their sins and rejoice with exceedingly great joy, even as though he had already come among them. Yet the Lord God saw that his people were a stiffnecked people, and he appointed unto them a law, even the law of Moses. And many signs and wonders and types and shadows showed he unto them concerning his coming, and also holy prophets spake unto them concerning his coming, and yet they hardened their hearts and understood not that the law of Moses availeth nothing, except it were through the atonement of his blood. And even if it were possible that little children could sin, they could not be saved, but I say unto you, they are blessed, for behold, as in Adam, or by nature, they fall, even so the blood of Christ atoneth for their sins. And moreover, I say unto you that there shall be no other name given nor any other way nor means whereby salvation can come unto the children of men, only in and through the name of Christ the Lord Omnipotent. For behold, he judgeth, and his judgment is just, and the infant perisheth not, that dieth in his infancy, but men drink damnation to their own souls, except they humble themselves and become as little children and believe that salvation was and is and is to come, in and through the atoning blood of Christ the Lord Omnipotent. For, the natural man is an enemy to God and has been from the fall of Adam and will be forever and ever, unless he yields to the enticings of the Holy Spirit and putteth off the natural man and becometh a saint through the atonement of Christ the Lord and becometh as a child, submissive, meek, humble, patient, full of love, willing to submit to all things which the Lord seeth fit to inflict upon him, even as a child doeth submit to his father. And moreover, I say unto you that the time shall come when the knowledge of a Savior shall spread throughout every nation, kindred, tongue and people, and behold, when that time cometh, none shall be found blameless before God, except it be little children, only through repentance and faith on the name of the Lord God Omnipotent. And even at this time, when thou shalt have taught thy people the things which the Lord thy God hath commanded thee, even then are they found no more blameless in the sight of God, only according to the words which I have spoken unto thee. And now I have spoken the words which the Lord God hath commanded me.

Ezekiel 3:16-21
The word of LORD came unto me, saying:

Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel. Therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me. When I say unto the wicked,

Thou shalt surely die,

and thou givest him not warning nor speakest to warn the wicked from his wicked way to save his life, the same wicked shall die in his iniquity, but his blood will I require at thine hand. Yet if thou warn the wicked and he turn not from his wickedness nor from his wicked way, he shall die in his iniquity, but thou hast delivered thy soul. Again, when a righteous doeth turn from his righteousness and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumblingblock before him, he shall die. Because thou hast not given him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his righteousness which he hath done shall not be remembered, but his blood will I require at thine hand. Nevertheless, if thou warn the righteous, that the righteous sin not, and he doeth not sin, he shall surely live, because he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy soul.

Matthew 26:26-30 (corrected in accordance with 3 Nephi 18:3):
Jesus took bread and brake [it] and blessed [it] and gave [it] to the disciples and said:
Take, eat. This is my body.

And he took the cup and gave thanks and gave [it] to them, saying:
Drink ye, all of it, for this is my blood of the new covenant,
which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
But I say unto you,
I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine
until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.
And when they had sung a hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.

1 Corinthians 10:16
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ?
The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

“See that ye partake not of the sacrament of Christ, unworthily.” Mormon 9:29.

And thus the apostle Paul wrote:

After the same manner also [he took] the cup when he had supped, saying:
This cup is the new testament in my blood.
Do this, as often as ye drink [it] in remembrance of me.

For, as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup,
ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come. Wherefore,
whosoever shall eat this bread and drink [this] cup of the Lord unworthily,
shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of [that] bread and drink of [that] cup,
for he that eateth and drinketh unworthily,
eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.

-1 Corinthians 11:25-29

Forasmuch as this people draw near with their mouth and with their lips do honor me
but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men,
therefore behold, I will proceed to do a marvelous work among this people,
a marvelous work and a wonder,
for the wisdom of their wise shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent shall be hid.

-Isaiah 29:13-14

The Book of Mormon, The second book of Nephi 29:3
And because my words shall hiss forth, many of the Gentiles shall say:

A Bible! A Bible!
We have got a Bible, and there cannot be any more Bible.

Isaiah 28:7-10
For, all tables are full of vomit, filthiness. No place.
Whom shall he teach knowledge?
And, whom shall he make to understand doctrine?
Weaned from the milk, drawn from the breasts.
For, precept upon precept, precept upon precept.
Line upon line, line upon line.
Here a little, there a little.

1 Corinthians 3:2-3
I have fed you with milk and not with food,
for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able,
for ye are yet carnal, for wheresoever with you
envying and strife and divisions, are ye not carnal, not walking as men?

Moroni ben Mormon:

I declare these things unto the fulfilling of the prophecies, and behold,
they shall proceed forth out of the mouth of the everlasting God,
and his word shall hiss forth from generation to generation.
And God shall show unto you that, that which I have written is true.
And again, I would exhort you that ye would come unto Christ
and lay hold upon every good gift and touch not the evil gift nor the unclean thing.

-Moroni 10:28-30

Seek ye JHUH, while He may be found.
Call ye upon Him, while He is near.
Let the wicked forsake his way;
and the troubled man, his judgments.
Let him turn back unto JHUH to be granted mercy and unto the Elohaeim to be increased, to be forgiven.
My judgments are not your judgments,
neither are your ways My ways, saith JHUH,
for as heaven is higher than earth,
even so My ways are higher than your ways, and My judgments than your judgments.

-Isaiah 55:6-9

And now it came to pass that Alma took Helam, he being one of the first,
and went and stood forth in the water and cried, saying:

O Lord, pour out thy spirit upon thy servant,
that he may do this work
with holiness of heart.

-The Book of Mormon, Mosiah 18:12

Oh Lord, when will the time come, when brother William thy servant and myself shall behold the day,
that we may stand together and gaze upon eternal wisdom engraven upon the heavens
while the majesty of our God holdeth up the dark curtain, until we may read the round of eternity
to the fulness and satisfaction of our immortal souls?
Oh Lord God, deliver us in thine own due time from the little narrow prison, almost as it were,
total darkness of paper, pen and ink, and a crooked, broken, scattered and imperfect language.

-Joseph Smith the Seer,
excerpted from an epistle dated the 27th of November, 1832.

“For then will I turn to the people a pure language,
that they may all call upon the name of the LORD, to serve him with one consent.”
Zephaniah 3:9.

“And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, [that]
thou shalt call me Ishi and shalt call me no more Baali.”
Hosea 2:16.

And now my beloved brethren, after ye have gotten into this strait and narrow path,
I would ask if all is done? Behold, I say unto you, Nay.
For, ye have not come thus far, save it were by the word of Christ with unshaken faith in him,
relying wholly upon the merits of him who is mighty to save.
Wherefore ye must press forward with a steadfastness in Christ,
having a perfect brightness of hope and a love of God and of all men.
Wherefore if ye shall press forward,
feasting upon the word of Christ and endure to the end,
behold, thus saith the Father:

Ye shall have eternal life.

-2 Nephi 31:19-20

2 Nephi 32:1-6
And now behold, my beloved brethren, I suppose that ye ponder somewhat in your hearts concerning that which ye should do after ye have entered in by the way. But behold, why do ye ponder these things in your hearts? Do ye not remember that I said unto you that, after ye had received the Holy Ghost, ye could speak with the tongue of angels? And now, how could ye speak with the tongue of angels, save it were by the Holy Ghost? Angels speak by the power of the Holy Ghost; wherefore, they speak the words of Christ. Wherefore I said unto you:
Feast upon the words of Christ,
for behold, the words of Christ will tell you all things what ye should do.
Wherefore, now after I have spoken these words if ye cannot understand them, it will be because ye ask not, neither do ye knock. Wherefore ye are not brought into the light but must perish in the dark. For behold, again I say unto you that if ye will enter in by the way and receive the Holy Ghost, it will show unto you all things what ye should do. Behold, this is the doctrine of Christ, and there will be no more doctrine given until after he shall manifest himself unto you in the flesh, and when he shall manifest himself unto you in the flesh, the things which he shall say unto you, shall ye observe to do.

Alma 37:1-8
Helaman, I command you that ye take the records which have been entrusted with me.
And I also command you that ye keep a record of this people,
according as I have done, upon the plates of Nephi.
And keep all these things sacred, which I have kept, even as I have kept them,
for it is for a wise purpose that they are kept. And these plates of brass
which contain these engravings, which have the records of the holy scriptures upon them,
which have the genealogy of our forefathers even from the beginning, behold,
it has been prophesied by our fathers that they should be kept and handed down
from one generation to another and be kept and preserved by the hand of the Lord
until they should go forth unto every nation, kindred, tongue and people,
that they shall know of the mysteries contained thereon.
And now behold, if they are kept, they must retain their brightness.
Yea, and they will retain their brightness.
Yea, and also shall all the plates which do contain that which is holy writ.
Now ye may suppose that this is foolishness in me, but behold, I say unto you that
by small and simple things are great things brought to pass.
And small means in many instances doth confound the wise,
and the Lord God doth work by means to bring about his great and eternal purposes,
and by very small means the Lord doth confound the wise
and bringeth about the salvation of many souls.
And now, it has hitherto been wisdom in God that these things should be preserved,
for behold, they have enlarged the memory of this people, yea,
and convinced many of the error of their ways
and brought them to the knowledge of their God, unto the salvation of their souls.

Mormon 8:29-30
Yea, it shall come in a day
when there shall be heard of fires and tempests and vapors of smoke in foreign lands,
and there shall also be heard of wars, rumors of wars and earthquakes in divers places.

Zechariah 4:10, the 1611 English Bible
For, who hath despised the day of small things?

1 Nephi 17:45
Ye are swift to do iniquity but slow to remember the Lord your God.
Ye have seen an angel, and he spake unto you.
Yea, ye have heard his voice from time to time, and he hath spoken unto you in a still small voice,
but ye were past feeling, that ye could not feel his words.
Wherefore, he has spoken unto you like unto the voice of thunder which did cause the earth to shake,
as if it were to divide asunder.

1 Kings 19:12-13, the 1611 English Bible
And after the earthquake, a fire; [but] the LORD [was] not in the fire, and after the fire,
a still small voice, and it was [so,] when Elijah heard [it], that he wrapped his face in his mantle
and went out and stood in the entering in of the cave.

Zechariah 4:6, the 1611 English Bible
Not by might nor by power, but by my spirit,
saith the LORD of hosts.

Moroni 7:15-16
it is given unto you to judge, that ye may know good from evil.
And the way to judge is as plain, that ye may know with a PERFECT knowledge,
as the daylight is from the dark night.
For behold, the spirit of Christ is given to every man, that he may know good from evil.
Wherefore, I show unto you the way to judge,
for every thing which inviteth to do good and to persuade to believe in Christ
is sent forth by the power and gift of Christ.
Wherefore ye may know with a PERFECT knowledge, it is of God.

Moroni 7:18-19
And now my brethren, seeing that ye know the light by which ye may judge,
which light is the light of Christ,
see that ye do not judge wrongfully,
for with that same judgment which ye judge, ye shall also be judged.
Wherefore I beseech of you, brethren, that ye should search diligently in the light of Christ,
that ye may know good from evil.
And if ye will lay hold upon every good thing and condemn it not,
ye certainly will be a child of Christ.

Moroni 10:5-7
And by the power of the holy Ghost
ye may know the truth of all things.
And whatsoever thing is good, is just and true.
Wherefore nothing that is good, denieth the Christ but acknowledgeth that he is,
and ye may know that he is
by the power of the holy Ghost.
Wherefore, I would exhort you that ye deny not the power of God,
for he worketh by power according to the faith of the children of men;
the same, today and tomorrow and forever.

Alma 32:26-27
Now as I said concerning faith, that it was NOT a PERFECT knowledge,
even so it is with my words. Ye cannot know of their surety at first unto perfection,
any more than faith is a perfect knowledge.
But behold, if ye will awake and arouse your faculties,
even to an experiment upon my words and exercise a particle of faith, yea,
even if ye can no more than desire to believe,
let this desire work in you
even until ye believe in a manner that ye can give place for a portion of my words.

Alma 32:33-36
And now behold,
because ye have tried the experiment and planted the seed,
and it swelleth and sprouteth and beginneth to grow,
ye must needs know that the seed is good.
And now behold, is your knowledge PERFECT?
Yea, your knowledge is perfect in THAT thing,
and your faith is dormant.
And this, because ye know, for ye know that the word hath swelled your souls,
and ye also know that it hath sprouted up,
that your understanding doth begin to be enlightened,
and your mind doth begin to expand.
O then, is not this real?
I say unto you, Yea. Because it is light.
And whatsoever is light, is good, because it is discernible.
Therefore, ye must know that it is good.
And now behold,
after ye have tasted this light, is your knowledge PERFECT?
Behold, I say unto you, Nay. Neither must ye lay aside your faith,
for ye have only exercised your faith to plant the seed,
that ye might try the experiment to know if the seed was good.

Alma 32:40
if ye will NOT nourish the word,
looking forward with an eye of faith to the fruit thereof,
ye can never pluck of the fruit of the tree of life.

Ether 12:6,12,39
6 faith is things which are hoped for and not seen.
Wherefore, dispute not because ye see not, for ye receive no witness until after the trial of your faith.

12 if there be no faith among the children of men,
God can do no miracle among them. Wherefore, he showed not himself until after their faith.

39 I have seen Jesus,
and that he hath talked with me face to face,
and that he told me in plain humility
even as a man telleth another in mine own language

-Moroni the son of Mormon

1 Peter 1:7-13, the 1611 English Bible
That the trial of your faith,
being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire,
might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ,
whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see [him] not, yet believing,
ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory, receiving the end of your faith,
[even] the salvation of [your] souls.
Of which salvation, the prophets have enquired and searched diligently,
who prophesied of the grace [that should come] unto you,
searching what or what manner of time
the spirit of Christ, which was in them, did signify,
when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glory that should follow;
unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves,
but unto us they did minister the things which are now reported unto you,
by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the holy Ghost sent down from heaven,
which things the angels desire to look into.
Wherefore, gird up the loins of your mind; be sober and hope to the end,
for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

1 Nephi 5:10-13
my father, Lehi, took the records which were engraven upon the plates of brass,
and he did search them from the beginning,
and he beheld that they did contain the five books of Moses,
which gave an account of the creation of the world and also of
Adam and Eve, who were our first parents,
and also a record of the Jews from the beginning even down to
the commencement of the reign of Zedekiah, king of Judah, and also
the prophecies of the holy prophets from the beginning even down to
the commencement of the reign of Zedekiah and also
many prophecies which have been spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah.

1 Nephi 7:14
the Spirit of the Lord ceaseth soon to strive with them.
For behold, they have rejected the prophets, and
Jeremiah have they cast into prison.
Jeremiah 51:13, the 1611 English Bible
O thou that dwellest upon many waters,
abundant in treasures,
thine end is come, [and] the measure of thy covetousness.

2 Nephi 27:1-2
in the last days or in the days of the gentiles,
yea, behold all the nations of the gentiles and also the Jews,
both those who shall come upon this land and those who shall be upon other lands,
yea even upon all the lands of the earth,
behold, they will be drunken with iniquity and all manner of abominations.
And when that day shall come, they shall be visited of the Lord of hosts
with thunder and with earthquake and with a great noise and
with storm and with tempest and with the flame of devouring fire.

2 Nephi 20:12-17 (cf. Isaiah 10:12-17)
Wherefore, it shall come to pass that when the Lord hath performed his whole work
upon Mount Zion and upon Jerusalem, I will punish
the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria and the glory of his high looks,
for he saith,
By the strength of my hand and by my wisdom I have done these things, for I am prudent,
and I have moved the borders of the people and have robbed their treasures,
and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man.
And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people,
and as one gathereth eggs that are left have I gathered all the earth,
and there was none that moved the wing or opened the mouth or peeped.
Shall the ax boast itself against him that heweth therewith?
Shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh it,
as if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up or
as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it were no wood?
Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones, leanness.
And under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire,
and the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame,
and shall burn and shall devour his thorns and his briers in one day.

Moroni, ben Mormon the son of Mormon:

Search the prophecies of Isaiah.

-Mormon 8:23

after I, Nephi, had read these things which were engraven upon the plates of brass,
my brethren came unto me and said unto me:
What meaneth these things which ye have read?
Behold, are they to be understood according to things which are spiritual
which shall come to pass according to the spirit and not the flesh?

And I, Nephi, said unto them:
Behold, they were manifest unto the prophet by the voice of the Spirit,
for by spirit are all things made known unto the prophets, which shall come
upon the children of men according to the flesh.
Wherefore the things of which I have read are things pertaining to
things both temporal and spiritual, for it appears that the house of Israel, sooner or later,
will be scattered upon all the face of the earth and also among all nations.
And behold, there are many who are already lost from the knowledge of those who are at Jerusalem.
Yea, the more part of all the tribes have been led away,
and they are scattered to and fro upon the isles of the sea,
and whither they are,
none of us knoweth save that, we know that they have been led away.

-1 Nephi 22:1-4

it is wisdom in God that we should obtain these records,
that we may preserve unto our children
the language of our fathers,
and also that we may preserve unto them
the words which have been spoken by the mouth of all the holy prophets,
which have been delivered unto them by the Spirit and power of God
since the world began even down unto this present time.
And it came to pass that after this manner of language,
did I persuade my brethren,
that they might be faithful in keeping the commandments of God.

-1 Nephi 3:19-21

And Christ hath said:
If ye will have faith in me, ye shall have power to do
whatsoever thing is expedient in me.

And he hath said:
Repent all ye ends of the earth and come unto me and
be baptized in my name and have faith in me,
that ye may be saved.

-Moroni 7:33-34

Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read.
No one of these shall fail.

-Isaiah 34:16, the 1611 English Bible

thus said Jesus Christ the Son of God unto his disciples who should tarry,
yea and also unto all his disciples in the hearing of the multitude:
Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature,
and he that believeth and is baptized shall be saved,
but he that believeth not shall be damned.

-The book Mormon 9:22-23, The Book of Mormon.

Letter: United monarchies of Europe

Monday, 24 October 1994

Sir: In his letter of 21 October, Professor Stephen Haseler implies that monarchy is incompatible with a federal European Union. However, he overlooks the fact that six of the present 12 member states are monarchies and that when, as is expected in the near future, four more nations join, two of them – Norway and Sweden – are monarchies, thus maintaining the balance. He will also be aware that the EU’s own literature acknowledges that its roots lie in the Holy Roman Empire of Charlemagne and, later, the Habsburgs.
As the EU develops, it is highly likely that national monarchies will be seen as an essential means of emphasising national identity. Both the German Customs Union and the German empire which succeeded it retained the monarchical structure of the member states.
The European Union may at some stage decide that it wants an overall representative figurehead, in rather the same way that Her Majesty the Queen is Head of the Commonwealth, some of whose members are monarchies, and some republics. There is a body of opinion which believes that such a figurehead should be a member of one of Europe’s royal families.
Yours faithfully, DONALD FOREMAN Secretary-General Monarchist League London, WC1 22 October
19 November 2009, Brussels – Intervention of H.E. Mr. Herman Van Rompuy following his appointment as President of the Council of the European Union
2009 is also the first year of global governance, with the establishment of the G20 in the middle of the financial crisis. The climate conference in Copenhagen is another step towards the global management of our planet. Our mission is one of hope, supported by acts and action.

“For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?” Matthew 16:26.

{The foregoing portion was begun on Dec. 3, 2009 and completed on May 2, 2010.}

“And [as] the toes of the feet [were] part of iron, and part of clay, [so] the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay. And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.” Daniel 2:42-44, the 1611 English Bible.

{This passage from the book of Daniel was inserted on Dec. 6, 2009.}

25 Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul:
26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.
27 ¶ And in these days came prophets from Jerusalem unto Antioch.
28 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar.
29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea:
30 Which also they did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.

-Acts of the Apostles 11:25-30

Hebrews 3:1-2
1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;
2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses [was faithful] in all his house.

Numbers 27:12-23
12 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel.
13 And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered.
14 For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that [is] the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.
15 ¶ And Moses spake unto the LORD, saying,
16 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,
17 Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd.
18 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom [is] the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;
19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.
20 And thou shalt put [some] of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.
21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask [counsel] for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, [both] he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
22 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:
23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

Doctrine and Covenants 63:60-62 (received by the Prophet Joseph)
60 Behold, I am Alpha and Omega, even Jesus Christ.
61 Wherefore, let all men beware how they take my name in their lips–
62 For behold, verily I say, that many there be who are under this condemnation, who use the name of the Lord, and use it in vain, having not authority.

Nahum 2:13
13: Behold, I [am] against thee, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will burn her chariots in the smoke, and the sword shall devour thy young lions: and I will cut off thy prey from the earth, and the voice of thy messengers shall no more be heard.

Hebrews 5:4-11
4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as [was] Aaron.
5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
6 As he saith also in another [place], Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;
9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
10 Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.
11 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.

Added from April 19, 2010 through May 12, 2010:
Antony Flew, Philosopher and Ex-Atheist, Dies at 87

Published: April 16, 2010

Antony Flew, an English philosopher and outspoken atheist who stunned and dismayed the unbelieving faithful when he announced in 2004 that God probably did exist, died April 8 in Reading, England. He was 87 and lived in Reading.

His death was confirmed by Roy Abraham Varghese, with whom he wrote “There Is a God: How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind,” published in 2007.

Mr. Flew, the son of a Methodist minister, embraced atheism as a teenager. “It just seemed flatly inconsistent to say that the universe was created by an omnipotent and perfectly good being,” he told The Sunday Times of London in 2004. “Yet there were evils in abundance which could not be put down to a consequence of human sin.”

The rejection of religious faith, he said, was the start of his career as a philosopher.

His philosophical interests were wide. He was an expert on the Scottish philosopher David Hume, about whom he wrote the indispensable “Hume’s Philosophy of Belief” (1961). But in more than 30 books he also explored topics as varied as evolutionary ethics, psychic phenomena, logic, education, crime and egalitarianism.

He was best known, however, for his books arguing against the existence of God and for atheistic principles. “Theology and Falsification,” a short paper presented to the Socratic Club at Oxford and published in 1950, brought him immediate attention. In a little more than 1,000 words, it argued that the idea of God is philosophically meaningless, since it cannot be falsified — that is, believers cannot posit an instance that would cause them to deny the existence of God. Genuine assertions, by contrast, can be falsified.

Mr. Flew elaborated his thinking about atheism and religious belief in “God and Philosophy” (1966), “The Presumption of Atheism” (1976) and “Atheistic Humanism” (1993).

In 2004, however, he announced on a DVD titled “Has Science Discovered God?” that research on DNA and what he believed to be inconsistencies in the Darwinian account of evolution had forced him to reconsider his views. DNA research, he said, “has shown, by the almost unbelievable complexity of the arrangements which are needed to produce life, that intelligence must have been involved.”

In “There Is a God” he explained that he now believed in a supreme intelligence, removed from human affairs but responsible for the intricate workings of the universe. In other words, the divine watchmaker imagined by deists like Isaac Newton, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin.

In a letter to The Sunday Telegraph of London in 2004, he described “the God in whose existence I have belatedly come to believe” as “most emphatically not the eternally rewarding and eternally torturing God of either Christianity or Islam but the God of Aristotle that he would have defined — had Aristotle actually produced a definition of his (and my) God — as the first initiating and sustaining cause of the universe.”

Antony Garrard Newton Flew was born on Feb. 11, 1923, in London. During World War II he did intelligence work for the Royal Air Force and spent a year learning Japanese at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London.

At St. John’s College, Oxford, where he received a master’s degree in 1949, he studied under Gilbert Ryle, whose linguistic approach to philosophical problems, derived from Wittgenstein, was a decisive influence. At the Socratic Club he also engaged in spirited debate with C. S. Lewis, the renowned Christian apologist.

After lecturing in philosophy at Oxford and the University of Aberdeen, Mr. Flew accepted a professorship at the University College of North Staffordshire (now Keele University) in 1954. He taught at the University of Reading from 1973 until his retirement in 1982.

Early in his career he edited some of the first anthologies of analytic philosophy, notably the series “Logic and Language” and “Essays in Conceptual Analysis” (1956), and wrote “An Introduction to Western Philosophy” (1971), widely used in classrooms.

In 1952 he married Annis Harty, who survives him, as do their two daughters.

Mr. Flew was a mild-mannered polemicist, respectful of his opponents and driven, as he often said, by simple curiosity and a determination to go where the facts led him. An early work, “A New Approach to Psychical Research” (1953), suggests an instinctive attraction to the inexplicable.

Politically, he was a conservative libertarian, opposed to immigration, egalitarianism and the European Union. He explored some of these interests in “Crime or Disease?” (1973), “Sociology, Equality and Education” (1976) and “The Politics of Procrustes: Contradictions of Enforced Equality” (1981).

Although rumors had been circulating for several years that Mr. Flew had begun to question his atheism, “There Is a God” came as a shock. For Christian apologists, it was a welcome counterblast to recent antireligious best sellers like “God Is Not Great” by Christopher Hitchens, “The God Delusion” by Richard Dawkins and “Letter to a Christian Nation” by Sam Harris.

Some reviewers found Mr. Flew’s reasoning less than impressive. “Far from strengthening the case for the existence of God,” Anthony Gottlieb wrote in The New York Times Book Review, the book “rather weakens the case for the existence of Antony Flew.”

A long article in The New York Times Magazine by Mark Oppenheimer suggested that Mr. Flew, his mental faculties in decline, had been manipulated by his co-author and other Christian proselytizers. Mr. Flew, in a statement issued through his publisher, reaffirmed the views expressed in the book, which did not include belief in an afterlife.

“I want to be dead when I’m dead and that’s an end to it,” he told The Sunday Times of London. “I don’t want an unending life. I don’t want anything without end.”

A version of this article appeared in print on April 17, 2010, on page B10 of the New York edition.

“For it must needs be that there is an opposition in all things.
If not so, my firstborn in the wilderness, righteousness could not be brought to pass, neither wickedness, neither holiness nor misery, neither good nor bad. Wherefore, all things must needs be a compound in one. Wherefore if it should be one body, it must needs remain as dead, having no life neither death, nor corruption nor incorruption, happiness nor misery, neither sense nor insensibility. Wherefore, it must needs have been created for a thing of naught. Wherefore, there would have been no purpose in the end of its creation. Wherefore, this thing must needs destroy the wisdom of God and his eternal purposes and also the power and the mercy and the justice of God. And if ye shall say there is no law, ye shall also say there is no sin. If ye shall say there is no sin, ye shall also say there is no righteousness. And if there be no righteousness, there be no happiness. And if there be no righteousness nor happiness, there be no punishment nor misery. And if these things are not, there is no God. And if there is no God, we are not, neither the earth; for, there could have been no creation of things, neither to act nor to be acted upon. Wherefore, all things must have vanished away.
And now my sons, I speak unto you these things for your profit and learning, for there is a God, and he hath created all things, both the heavens and the earth, and all things that in them are, both things to act and things to be acted upon. And to bring about his eternal purposes in the end of man, after he had created our first parents and the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and in fine, all things which are created, it must needs be that there was an opposition, even the forbidden fruit in opposition to the tree of life, the one being sweet and the other bitter. Wherefore, the Lord God gave unto man that he should act for himself. Wherefore, man could not act for himself save it should be that he was enticed by the one or the other.
And I, Lehi, according to the things which I have read, must needs suppose that an angel of God, according to that which is written, had fallen from heaven; wherefore, he became a devil, having sought that which was evil before God; and because he had fallen from heaven and had become miserable forever, he sought also the misery of all mankind. Wherefore, he said unto Eve, yea, even that old serpent who is the devil who is the father of all lies, wherefore he said:
Partake of the forbidden fruit, and ye shall not die but ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil.
And after Adam and Eve had partaken of the forbidden fruit, they were driven out of the garden of Eden, to till the earth. And they have brought forth children, yea, even the family of all the earth.
And the days of the children of men were prolonged, according to the will of God, that they might repent while in the flesh. Wherefore, their state became a state of probation, and their time was lengthened, according to the commandments which the Lord God gave unto the children of men; for, he gave commandment that all men must repent, for he showed unto all men that they were lost, because of the transgression of their parents.
And now behold, if Adam had not transgressed, he would not have fallen but he would have remained in the garden of Eden. And all things which were created must have remained in the same state in which they were after they were created, and they must have remained forever and had no end. And they would have had no children; wherefore, they would have remained in a state of innocence, having no joy, for they knew no misery. Doing no good, for they knew no sin. But behold, all things have been done in the wisdom of him who knoweth all things. Adam fell that men might be; and men are, that they might have joy.
And the Messiah cometh in the fullness of time, that he may redeem the children of men from the fall. And because that they are redeemed from the fall, they have become free forever, knowing good from evil, to act for themselves and not to be acted upon, save it be by the punishment of the law at the great and last day, according to the commandments which God hath given. Wherefore, men are free according to the flesh, and all things are given them which are expedient unto man; and they are free to choose liberty and eternal life, through the great Mediator of all men, or to choose captivity and death, according to the captivity and power of the devil, for he seeketh that all men might be miserable like unto himself.

-Second book of Nephi 2:11-27

Excerpted from
The Life of James Clerk Maxwell,
by Lewis Campbell and William Garnett (1882: MacMillan and Co., London)

He used to say that he had not a good nose to smell heresy, but whatever was good and true Maxwell would detect beneath the mass of misconception, or even falsehood, which had gathered round it, and which caused its rejection by nearly every one else without inquiry. Faraday’s conception of a medium he adopted as a guide throughout his electrical researches.
PG. 249

page 160
But he was far, indeed, from judging men by their opinions. “I have no nose for heresy,” he used to say. His sympathy pierced beneath the outer shell of circumstance and association, and he hardly ever failed to discover what was best and strongest in those with whom he had to do.
His kindly relations with his neighbours and with their children may be passed without further notice after what has been said above. But it may be mentioned that he used occasionally to visit any sick [323] person in the village, and read and pray with them in cases where such ministrations were welcomed.
One who visited at Glenlair between 1865 and 1869 was particularly struck with the manner in which the daily prayers were conducted by the master of the household. The prayer, which seemed extempore, was most impressive and full of meaning.208
208 The following fragments have been found amongst his papers:–“Almighty God, who hast created man in Thine own image, and made him a living soul that he might seek after Thee and have dominion over Thy creatures, teach us to study the works of Thy hands that we may subdue the earth to our use, and strengthen our reason for Thy service; and so to receive Thy blessed Word, that we may believe on Him whom Thou hast sent to give us the knowledge of salvation and the remission of our sins. All which we ask in the name of the same Jesus Christ our Lord.”
“O Lord, our Lord, how excellent is Thy name in all the earth, who hast set Thy glory above the heavens, and out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast perfected praise. When we consider Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the moon and the stars which Thou hast ordained, teach us to know that Thou art mindful of us, and visitest us, making us rulers over the works of Thy hands, showing us the wisdom of Thy laws, and crowning us with honour and glory in our earthly life; and looking higher than the heavens, may we see Jesus, made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour, that He, by the grace of God, should taste death for every man. O Lord, fulfil Thy promise, and put all things in subjection under His feet. Let sin be rooted out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more. Bless Thou the Lord, O my soul, praise the Lord.”

PG. 201
Feb. 4, 1882.

PG. 202
Perhaps the most noteworthy of Maxwell’s characteristics was his absolute independence of mind, an independence unsullied by conceit or consciousness. Preserved by his simplicity and humility from any fondness for barren paradox, he endeavoured always to see things with his own eyes, without regard to the points of view assumed on one side or another in ordinary controversy: in a word, he was more free from “emotionalism” than any one whom I have known. [419] The testimony of his unshaken faith to Christian truth was, I venture to think, of exceptional value on account of his freedom from the mental dualism often found in distinguished men who are absorbed chiefly in physical inquiries. (…)
During Maxwell’s last illness I had the privilege of enjoying two conversations with him; and not long afterwards I put on paper a short and desultory record of some of his words. (…)
(…) His thoughts had evidently been mainly taking a retrospective direction; and every interest of life seemed to be hallowed and brightened by the probable nearness of the Divine summons to a new form of existence.
He told me briefly the story of his illness; how he had been ailing all the year, but had gone northward after [420] Easter Term without apprehending anything worse than transient ill-health. (…)

PG. 203
“My interest is always in things rather than in persons. I cannot help thinking about the immediate circumstances which have brought a thing to pass, rather than about any will setting them in motion. What is done by what is called myself is, I feel, done by something greater than myself in me. My interest in things has always made me care much more for theology than for anthropology; states of the will only puzzle me. I cannot ascribe so much to a depraved will as some people do, though I do to a certain extent believe in it. Much wrong-doing seems to be no more than not doing the right thing; and that finite beings should fail in that does not seem to need the supposition of a depraved will.” On my saying that, though the immediate cause of the miseries of the world is oftener folly than wickedness, yet men’s folly can frequently be traced back to past misdoing on their part, he warmly assented, and then added in a different strain: “They were foolish because they did not ask for wisdom,–not, of course, absolute wisdom, but the wisdom needed for the moment.


I inquired of the Lord concerning the matter, and the word of the Lord came to me by the power of the Holy Ghost, saying:

Listen to the words of Christ, your Redeemer, your Lord and your God.
Behold, I came into the world, not to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.
The whole need no physician but they that are sick.
Wherefore, little children are whole, for they are not capable of committing sin.
Wherefore, the curse of Adam is taken from them in me, that it hath no power over them, and
the law of circumcision is done away in me.
And after this manner did the Holy Ghost manifest the word of God unto me.
Wherefore, my beloved son, I know that
it is solemn mockery before God that ye should baptize little children.
Behold, I say unto you that this thing shall ye teach, repentance and baptism unto those who are accountable and capable of committing sin. Yea, teach parents that they must repent and be baptized and humble themselves as their little children, and they shall all be saved with their little children. And their little children need no repentance, neither baptism. Behold, baptism is unto repentance to the fulfilling the commandments unto the remission of sins, but little children are alive in Christ, even from the foundation of the world; if not so, God is a partial God and also a changeable God and a respecter to persons; for, how many little children have died without baptism! Wherefore, if little children could not be saved without baptism, these must have gone to an endless hell. Behold, I say unto you that he that supposeth that little children need baptism is in the gall of bitterness and in the bonds of iniquity, for he hath neither faith, hope nor charity; wherefore, should he be cut off while in the thought, he must go down to hell. For, awful is the wickedness to suppose that God saveth one child because of baptism, and the other must perish because he hath no baptism. Wo be unto them that shall pervert the ways of the Lord after this manner, for they shall perish, except they repent. Behold, I speak with boldness, having authority from God, and I fear not what man can do, for perfect love casteth out all fear. And I am filled with charity, which is everlasting love; wherefore, all children are alike unto me. Wherefore, I love little children with a perfect love, and they are all alike and partakers of salvation, for I know that God is not a partial God, neither a changeable being, but he is unchangeable from all eternity to all eternity.
Little children cannot repent. Wherefore, it is awful wickedness to deny the pure mercies of God unto them, for they are all alive in him because of his mercy. And, he that saith that little children need baptism, denieth the mercies of Christ and setteth at naught the atonement of him and the power of his redemption. Wo unto such, for they are in danger of death, hell and an endless torment. I speak it boldly; God hath commanded me. Listen unto them and give heed, or they stand against you at the judgment seat of Christ. For behold that, all little children are alive in Christ and also all they that are without the law, for the power of redemption cometh on all them that have no law. Wherefore, he that is not condemned, or he that is under no condemnation, cannot repent; and unto such, baptism availeth nothing but it is mockery before God, denying the mercies of Christ and the power of his Holy Spirit, and putting trust in dead works. Behold, my son, this thing ought not to be, for repentance is unto them that are under condemnation and under the curse of a broken law. And the first fruits of repentance is baptism, and baptism cometh by faith unto the fulfilling the commandments, and the fulfilling the commandments bringeth remission of sins, and the remission of sins bringeth meekness and lowliness of heart, and because of meekness and lowliness of heart, cometh the visitation of the Holy Ghost, which Comforter filleth with hope and perfect love, which love endureth by diligence unto prayer until the end shall come, when all the saints shall dwell with God.

-The book of Moroni 8:7-26

“In Christ Jesus, neither circumcision availeth any thing nor uncircumcision,
but a new creature.” Galatians 6:15.

John 3:3-7
Jesus answered and said unto him:
Verily, verily I say unto thee,
Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

Nicodemus saith unto him:
How can a man be born when he is old?
Can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb and be born?

Jesus answered:
Verily, verily I say unto thee,
Except a man be born of water and of the spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
That which is born of the flesh, is flesh.
And that which is born of the spirit, is spirit.
Marvel not that I said unto thee,
Ye must be born again.

“Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.” Deuteronomy 10:16.

And the angel said unto me again:

Look, and behold the condescension of God!
And I looked and beheld the Redeemer of the world, of whom my father had spoken.
And I also beheld the prophet who should prepare the way before him.
And the Lamb of God went forth and was baptized of him, and after he was baptized,
I beheld the heavens open, and
the Holy Ghost come down out of heaven and abide upon him in the form of a dove.

-1 Nephi 11:26-27


Now, the end of the commandment is caritas,
out of a pure heart and a good conscience,
and faith unfeigned,
from which some having swerved, have turned aside unto vain jangling,
desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor whereof they affirm.
But we know that the law good, if a man use it lawfully; knowing this,
that the law is not made for a righteous man but for the lawless and disobedient,
for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane,
for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
for whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind,
for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to
sound doctrine according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.
And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord who hath enabled me,
for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry, who was before a blasphemer
and a persecutor and injurious; but I obtained mercy because I did ignorantly in unbelief.
And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.
This a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation,
that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief, howbeit
for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first, Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering,
for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.
Now, unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God,
honor and glory for ever and ever.

-First epistle to Timotheus 1:5-17

“And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart and the heart of thy seed,
to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live.”
Deuteronomy 30:6.

“Our Bible”

A discourse given by elder J. Reuben Clark, Jr., the second counselor
in the first presidency of the church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints, in the April 1954
General Conference.[1]:

(…) We have now to do with the Extreme Textualists, in considering these various revisions of 1881-1885, 1900-1901, and 1946-1952. Before going farther it might be well briefly to note that, out of over four thousand known Greek manuscripts (in large part fragments), the Extreme Textualists pin their faith primarily to two Greek Codices, Sinaiticus (discovered in a convent on Mt. Sinai by Tischendorf in 1844) and Vaticanus (brought to the Vatican at Rome as early as 1481). These are claimed to be the two oldest known vellum manuscripts. Tischendorf exploited Sinaiticus; Westcott and Hort, Vaticanus, using Sinaiticus as a supporting text, along with Alexandrinus, sent as a gift from the Patriarch of Constantinople to Charles I of England in the year 1628. Westcott and Hort prepared a new Greek text from these and a few others that supported their readings (principally C and D). A third primary source of recent criticism is the Chester Beatty Papyri—in Greek—discovered in 1931 in Egypt. These have been exploited by Dr. Kenyon who affirms they are “the most important Biblical discovery since that of the Codex Sinaiticus” (Tischendorf) Thus first Tischendorf, then Westcott and Hort, then Kenyon have each had his favorite manuscripts which each interprets and uses to the maximum to develop in text form his Extreme Textualist views.[4] (…)

Conjectural Emendations

Bishop Westcott and Doctor Hort, in their own built Greek text of the New Testament, introduced a number of changes—additions and omissions-for which they adduced no authority whatever. A very learned collator declares that these conjectural emendations are “destitute not only of historical foundation, but of all probability, resulting from the internal goodness of the Text which its adoption would force upon us.” Another collator likens the claims urged for these emendations as equivalent to a claim of revelation, and says: “If these distinguished Professors have enjoyed a Revelation as to what the Evangelists actually wrote, they would do well to acquaint the world with the fact at the earliest possible moment. If, on the contrary, they are merely relying on their own inner consciousness for the power of divining the truth of Scripture at a glance,—they must be prepared to find their decrees treated with the contumely which is due to imposture, of whatever kind.”[24] The Revisionists responsible for the Revised Standard Version—the latest revision—rather plume themselves upon the fact that they have kept but one conjectural emendation” offered by Westcott and Hort. This is not quite accurate, but that point is immaterial. The emendation they affirm they retain is Jude 5.[25]

The King James Version reads: “I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

“6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”

The particular phrase of interest to the Latter-day Saint is found in verse 6—”the angels which kept not their first estate.”

The English revision (1881) proposed:
“5. Now I desire to put you in remembrance, though ye know all things once for all, how that the Lord, having saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not. 6. And angels which kept not their own principality, but left their proper habitation, he hath kept in everlasting bonds under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”

The American Version (1901) was identical save for two words: how is omitted before “that the Lord,” and which is changed to that after “angels.”

The Inspired Version of the Prophet Joseph follows the King James Version.

The Revised Standard Version—which retains Westcott and Hort’s conjectural emendation—reads:
“5. Now I desire to remind you, though you were once for all fully Informed, that he who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. 6. And the angels that did not keep their own position but left their proper dwelling have been kept by him in eternal chains in the nether gloom until the judgment of the great day.”

No one with an understanding of the great truths announced in Abraham 3, would have eliminated “first estate.” The expression “nether gloom” may be good mythology (we do not know), but it does not describe any Christian concept. This emendation sufficiently establishes the unreliability of the Revised Standard Version, so far as the Latter-day Saints are concerned.

It is not opportune now to discuss almost innumerable instances from among the thousands of changes by the Revisionists. Many, many of them are on a par with those we have mentioned. Enough has been said to show that the Latter-day Saints may not safely accept the latest revision as containing for them the word of Our Heavenly Father for his children, nor a dependable record of the work and mission of our Lord Jesus Christ. We must cling to the text that has guided us for a century and a quarter. We will close by quoting a few sentences from Dr. Kenyon, who seems more than any other to be today, the leader of the Extreme Textualists—to be looked up to by the rest—and who is more tolerant of contrary opinions than some others. In the concluding paragraphs of his book, Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts (1948), he discusses the Revised Versions as compared with the King James Version, and while never surrendering the claim of superiority for the revisions, he does yield these concessions:

“More than fifty years have now passed since the publication of the Revised Version [British], and the dust of the original controversy has had time to die down. In less than that time the Authorized Version [King James] drove the Geneva Bible from the field; but there is no sign of a similar victory of the Revised over the Authorized. The general verdict is, we think, this. There is no doubt that the Revised represents, in the New Testament, a very superior Greek text.”

This is the Extreme Textualist view, but not the view of the opposing school—the High or Sound Textualist.

Kenyon continues:
“There is no doubt that in very many places, especially in the prophetical and poetical books of the Old Testament and in the Epistles in the New, it makes the meaning clearer and represents the original more accurately. On both these grounds the Revised Version is indispensable for anyone who really wishes to Study the Bible. On the other hand, it is universally felt that very many of the verbal changes introduced by Revisers, especially in the Gospels (where they are more noticeable because of the greater familiarity of these books), are unnecessary and disturbing…. In the Gospels the sense of discomfort from the constant changes of the familiar words is too great, and the changes, where they do not rest on a change in the text translated, are unnecessary. It is true that the Authorized Version [King James] has struck its roots too deeply into our language and literature, and is itself too eat a monument of literary art, to be dispossessed without a preponderating balance of loss. We can no more do without the Authorized Version [King James] than we can do without Shakespeare and Bacon… Both are now essential parts of our heritage; and the final verdict must be: The Revised for Study, the Authorized for reading.”[27]

This may be the final verdict where there is not too much concern over Arian doctrines denying Godhood to Jesus, and other erroneous doctrines, but to the Latter-day Saint, the final verdict must be that no text that minimizes or denies the Godhood of Jesus, can be regarded as the word of God, no matter how old and respected the manuscript may be which sets out such views. To the Latter-day Saint, Jesus was the Christ, the Only Begotten, the Son of God, a member of the Trinity. All our modern Scriptures are to this point, and the true ancient scriptures will neither take away from, nor destroy this everlasting truth, God grant to each and every of us this priceless testimony, I ask, in Jesus’ name. Amen.

Burgon, John William, The Revision Revised. London, John Murray, 1883.
An Introduction to the Revised Standard Version of the New Testament,
by Members of the Revision Committee, Luther A. Weigle, Chairman.
The International Council of Religions Education, 1946.

Kenyon, Frederic G., “Text of the New Testament,” James Hastings, ed.,
Dictionary of the Bible (Complete in One Volume).
New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1920.
Scrivener, Frederick Henry,
A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament,
For the Use of Biblical Students, 2nd ed.,
Cambridge, Deighton, Bell, and Co., 1874.
1. This is the complete text from which President Clark gave his conference address April 4, 1954. Because of lack of time in the conference, he omitted parts and summarized parts of the text as printed here.
4. The Story, pp. 27, 56; Scrivener, pp. 83, 89; Our Bible, p. 138; The Text, pp. 73, 84.
24. Burgon, quoting Scrivener, p. iv; p. 95, n. 1.

25. “Introduction,” p. 41
27. Kenyon, “Our Bible,” pp. 243-44.

The 1611 English Bible (VERBATIM), 1 Iohn 5:7-8.
7 For there are three that beare record in heauen,
the Father, the Word, and the holy Ghost: and these three are one.
8 And there are three that beare witnesse in earth,
the Spirit, and the Water, and the Blood, and these three agree in one.

The NIVNew International Version, 1 John 5:6-9.
6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ.
He did not come by water only, but by water and blood.
And it is the Spirit who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth.
7 For there are three that testify:
8 the[a] Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.
9 We accept man’s testimony, but God’s testimony is greater because it is the testimony of God,
which he has given about his Son.
a. 1 John 5:8 Late manuscripts of the Vulgate
testify in heaven:
the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one.
8 And there are three that testify on earth: the (not found in any Greek manuscript before the sixteenth century)

And in The Book of Mormon, it is found:

“And now behold, this is the doctrine of Christ, and the only and true doctrine
of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, which is one God without end. Amen.”
2 Nephi 31:21.

“For behold, verily I say unto you that the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost are one.”
3 Nephi 11:27.

Mormon 7:7,
“unto the Father, and unto the Son, and unto the Holy Ghost, which are one God,
in a state of happiness which hath no end.”

The 1602 Spanish Bible (VERBATIM), 1 Ioan 5:7.
7 Porque tres son los que dan testimonio en el cielo,
el Padre, la Palabra y el Espiritu sancto, y estos tres son uno.

The 1526 translation by Tyndale (VERBATIM), 1 Jhon 5:7.
For there are thre whych beare recorde in heven,
the father, the worde, and the wholy goost. And these thre are one.

Textual variants arise when a copyist makes deliberate or inadvertent alterations to a text being reproduced. (…) Origen, writing in the 3rd century, was one of the first who remarked differences between manuscripts of texts that eventually comprised the New Testament. He declared his preferences among variant readings. For example, in Matthew 27:16–17, he favored “Barabbas” against “Jesus Barabbas” (In Matt. Comm. ser. 121). In John 1:28, he preferred “Bethabara” over “Bethany” as the location where John was baptizing (Commentary on John VI.40 (24)). “Gergeza” was preferred over “Geraza” or “Gadara” (Commentary on John VI.40 (24) – see Matthew 8:28). At Hebrews 2:9, Origen noticed two different readings: “apart from God” and “by the grace of God”.

The 1611 English Bible (VERBATIM), Iohn 1:28
These things were done in Bethabara beyond Iordane, where Iohn was baptizing.

The Book of Mormon (1830 edition, VERBATIM), 1 Nephi (original chapter number III, pg. 22)
And my father saith that he should baptise in Bethabara, beyond Jordan; and he also spake, he should baptise with water; yea, even that he should baptise the Messiah with water.

-In the present Utah edition, this passage is found in 1 Nephi 10:9, with minor spelling changes, etc. that still do not alter the meaning thereof; therein, as in all other editions of The Book of Mormon, “Bethabara” has been accurately retained, no spelling change having been made, save in the 1840 edition “Bethabary” is found.

However, what is found in the NIV for John 1:28?

28 This all happened at Bethany on the other side of the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

The 1526 translation by Tyndale (VERBATIM), Jhon 1:28
These thynges were done in Bethabara beyonde Jordan, where Jhon did baptise.

And in the 1602 Spanish Bible, “Beth-abara“, verbatim.

The 1602 Spanish Bible (VERBATIM), Ephesios 3:14-15.
14 Por causa de esto hinco mis rodillas al Padre del Señor nuestro Iesu Christo
15 (Del qual es nombrada toda la parentela en los cielos y en la tierra,)

The 1611 English Bible (VERBATIM), Ephesians 3:14-15.
14 For this cause I bow my knees vnto the Father of our Lord Iesus Christ,
15 Of whom the whole family in heauen and earth is named,

The 1526 translation by Tyndale (VERBATIM), Ephesians 3:14-15.
For this cause I bowe my knees vnto the father of oure lorde Jesus Christ,
which is father over all thatt ys called father In heven and in erth,

Therefore, the 1602 Spanish and the 1611 English revisions of the said portion of ch. 3 Ephesians
are equal in meaning, although at first glance Tyndale’s original English translation,
published in 1526 and 1534, of the same may be taken to be of a more or less different meaning.
But in reading this passage in its context, even by reading the rest of ch. 3 Ephesians,
it is understood that both “Of whom the whole family” and “which is father over”,
from the 1611 and the 1526 respectively, that is to say, both the “whom” and the “which” refer,
not to the immediatelty preceding “Christ,”, but rather to “the Father of our Lord Iesus”,
then also to “the father of oure lorde Jesus”. This conclusion is supported by John 10:29,
“My Father, which gave [them] me, is greater than all;” and also by John 14:28,
“my Father is greater than I.”

In connection with this Ephesians passage, contrast the aforementioned Bible translations
in the two European vernaculars (English and Spanish) with the widely adopted English Bible of
these the last days, namely the NIV:

The NIV: New International Version.

NIV Ephesians 3:14-15.
14 For this reason I kneel before the Father,
15 from whom his whole family[a] in heaven and on earth derives its name.
a. Ephesians 3:15 Or whom all fatherhood

Welcome the Westcott & Hort Resource Centre. This site contains materials and information related to Brooke Foss Westcott (Bishop of Durham), and Fenton John Anthony Hort, two late-19th century English theologians. Westcott and Hort were prolific authors (writing about 50 books between them), but are most well known today for their revision work on the Greek New Testament, finished in 1881.

“Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land,
not a famine of bread nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD.”
Amos 8:11.

It is the spirit that quickeneth;
the flesh profiteth nothing.
The words that I speak unto you
are spirit and are life.

-Iohan 6:63

My Father is greater than all.
I and Father are one.

-Iohan 10:29-30

Iohan 14:6
Iesus saith unto him:

I am the way, the truth, and the life.
No man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Christ said:

Verily, verily I say unto you, all these things shall surely come, even as the Father hath commanded me, then shall this covenant which the Father hath covenanted with his people be fulfilled, and then shall Jerusalem be inhabited again with my people, and it shall be the land of their inheritance.

-The Book of Mormon, 3 Nephi 20:46

3 Nephi 24:1
And it came to pass that he commanded them that they should write the words which the Father had given unto Malachi, which he should tell unto them. And it came to pass that after they were written, he expounded them.

Mormon, father of Moroni, wrote thus (Mormon 7:1-10):

And now behold, I would speak somewhat unto the remnant of this people who are spared, if it so be that God may give unto them my words, that they may know of the things of their fathers. Yea, I speak unto you, ye remnant of the house of Israel, and these are the words which I speak:

Know ye, that ye are of the house of Israel. Know ye, that ye must come unto repentance, or ye cannot be saved. Know ye, that ye must lay down your weapons of war and delight no more in the shedding of blood and take them not again, save it be that God shall command you. Know ye, that ye must come to the knowledge of your fathers and repent of all your sins and iniquities and believe in Jesus Christ, that he is the Son of God and that he was slain by the Jews, and by the power of the Father he hath risen again, whereby he hath gained the victory over the grave, and also in him is the sting of death swallowed up. And he bringeth to pass the resurrection of the dead, whereby man must be raised to stand before his judgment seat; and he hath brought to pass the redemption of the world, whereby he that is found guiltless before him at the judgment day hath it given unto him to dwell in the presence of God in his kingdom, to sing ceaseless praises, with the choirs above, unto the Father and unto the Son and unto the Holy Ghost, which are one God, in a state of happiness which hath no end. Therefore repent, and be baptized in the name of Jesus, and lay hold upon the gospel of Christ which shall be set before you, not only in this record but also in the record which shall come unto the Gentiles from the Jews, which record shall come from the Gentiles unto you. For behold, this is written for the intent that ye may believe that. And if ye believe that, ye will believe this, also. And if ye believe this, ye will know concerning your fathers and also the marvelous works which were wrought by the power of God among them; and ye will also know that ye are a remnant of the seed of Jacob; therefore, ye are numbered among the people of the first covenant. And if it so be that ye believe in Christ and are baptized, first with water then with fire and with the Holy Ghost, following the example of our Savior according to that which he hath commanded us, it shall be well with you in the day of judgment. Amen.

And now I bid unto all, Farewell. I soon go to rest in the paradise of God until my spirit and body shall again reunite, and I am brought forth triumphant through the air to meet you before the pleading bar of the great Jehovah the Eternal Judge of both quick and dead. Amen.” Moroni, son of Mormon (Moroni 10:34). Professor Royal Skousen’s position that what we have as “pleasing bar” had to have been shown by the gift and power of God unto Joseph the Seer as “pleading bar” is correct, saith the Holy Ghost (on May 12, 2010). Amen.


Recent Comments